DISCOVERIES ABOUT THE LITERACY, LANGUAGE
AND  CULTURE OF THE ANCIENT  MACEDONIANS
                      (by Vasil Ilyov)
 
 
     Macedonia language, alphabet and culture
 
   The oldest artefacts on the Balkan peninsula that testifies to the first contemplation of man about art and abstract geometry in space date between 50.000 and 35.000 B.C. while the mid Danube region was populated between 350.000 and 250.000 B.C. which can be proven by the archaeological material that has been found in Hungary and Romania. Up till now it is assumed that the oldest graphisms on the Balkan peninsula, according to some scientists, are dated between 10.650 to 10.100 B.C. and similar graphisms to these, according to Piete, in western Europe are dated from the beginning of the young Paleolith, i.e. from around 25.000 B.C. ( Picture 2) and by 13.000 - 10.000 B.C. it is said that they go on to the phase called the Ideo-sinthetic alphabet. According to our newest palaeographic and paleolinguistic research we can state that signs of the sound alphabet have been discovered on the localities: Lepeneski Vir and Vincha in Serbia, Karanovo, Gradeshnitsa and Sitovo in Bulgaria, Tartaria in Romania as well as many localities in Macedonia. They go as follows: Tsrna Loma or Ilina Gora at Osinchani close to Skopje (Picture 4), Tserye at Govrlevo close to Skopje (Picture 5 and Pictture 6), Skochivir canyon close to Bitola, the Kratovo region the locality "Grmada" or "Gramada" east of Dolno Dupeni close to Resen, Trebenishte close to Ohrid  etc. as well as the island of Lemn in the Aegean sea, the Pizza cave in Corinth and the island Lesb in Greece etc. 
But as far as we are familiar, up till now there has not been any more serious, subtle and clear references in science about the phonetic system of the graphisms from different locations on the Balkan peninsula, or any successful attempts at their deciphering except for some labouring attempt at comparative identification of certain signs from the so- called Neolithic with inappropriate indications to their different interpretation. In recent times, among other scientists it is obvious that with over 20 years of work behind him, S.S Bilbiya put a huge effort in 1984 and 1989 when he offered a more acceptable solution to the problem of the so-called etruscan literacy with his endeavours to decipher many writings and texts on the material culture of the etruscans on the Balkan-Anadolian cultural complex, and prominent labours were made by G.S Grinevich who in 1993 tried to prove convincingly that the writings from Crete, Pil and other places with the random dating from 1700-1400 B.C. are not written on the so-called ancient Greek language but instead they are written on an old pre Slavic language and with this negates the attempts of deciphering made on the Knosos clay tablets by Arthur Evans and especially opposes the results of the 16 painstaking working years done by Micheal Ventris and his assistant John Chadwick in relation to the deciphering of the clay tablets from Crete written on the so-called Linear A and B that is the so-called Minoy alphabet, hence the language of the Pelazgian people and the Minoy alphabet are treated by G.S Grinevich as pre Slav. 
 On the basis of the paleographic and paleolinguist research done up till now, we can affirm that the so-called pre Slav language that is the so-called Aegean language , in other words the Minoy language or the language of the Pelazgian and other Macedonian tribes (Payonian, Piertian, Brygian or Phrygian, Venets or Enets etc) in fact represents a many functional flexible language of the ancient Macedonians which experiences its first  innovations far back in prehistoric times while the morphologically relevant diverse peculiarities and the sounds of the phonetic and syntactic peculiarities move on a dialectic border  which is a larger speaking area than the current ethnic area of Macedonia. In the completeness of its peculiarities of the ancient Macedonian diasystem , stand out the central Macedonian talks and the peripheral Macedonian talks while the dialectic differentiation of the ancient Macedonian language can be confirmed from the deciphered texts of inscriptions from prehistoric time which are registered on many places of  the Balkan peninsula. 
So it follows that the Mesolith, Neolith, Eneolith and the literal ancient monuments, as well as the whole relevant argumentation on the artefacts of the prevedic solar, cosmographic and other symbols of the so-called Mesolithic, Neolithic, Eneolith etc. cultures that determine an absolute chronology of a given cultural continuity from 7.000 to 3.000 B.C. in Macedonia, Serbia, Bulgaria and other Danube spaces emphasise an identification of  the cult to the sun and the cosmos (space and universum) with other words the so-called pre Slav population because elements that they share among themselves the so claimed separate cultures at a given period and given space are actually of the ancient Macedonian speech and the solar and cosmograghic symbols from Osinchani, Govrlevo Porodin Skochivir canyon and the Kratovo region in Macedonia to Lepenski Vir, Starchevo, Vincha in Serbia, Tartania in Romania and Lemn and Lesb in the Aegean and from Karanovo and Gradeshnitsa in Bulgaria to Vuchedol and Vinkovtsi in Croatia ,Malig in Albania and Ohrid and Prespa in Macedonia which explicitly conform that not only were the Macedonians (who bear their name continually at least 5.500 years), but many other people as well who according to Herodot in antiquity were called Thacian ,Tribals , Ilirian, Geths or Giths, Scythian which today the modern historiography identifies with the names from VI-VII century AD calling them Slavs or Slavian people with their renaming into Bulgarians, Serbs, Montenegroes, Croatians,  Slovenian etc. not only were they present on the Balkan spaces in prehistory as the so-called pre Slav people but they also argumentedly appear as descendants of the oldest people on these first civilisation centres and are with an alphabet, language and mythology much older than the so-called Vedic or Proto Vedic people. 
           Possibly that is why the prehistoric pre Vedic symbols in Macedonia 
("Tsrna loma" or "Ilina Gora" at Osinchani,
"Tserye" at Govrlevo, 
"Tumba" - Majari,
"Slatina" - Zelenikovo close to Skopje;
tombs at the village Porodin, Trn, Velushina, Golema Tumba, village Dobromirtsi etc. close to Bitola;
"Tsrveni Livadi" or the "Estuary of the Drim river" in Struga; 
"Barutnitsa" - Anzabegovo and "Vrshnik" at Tarintsi close to Shtip etc.) 
are so diversified and numberfull that they totally overlap with the mythology that is fixed with the content of  the Veda (RíK Veda, Yajur Veda, Sama Veda, Atharva Veda) which according to the well educated people in this matter they have a theme dedicated to mystical logic of numbers, ritual symbols, structure of the micro and macro cosmos the Vedic Pantheon, pantheistic ideas, magic, fortune telling, myths, legends, hymns for the gods, natural forces etc. In the Atharva Veda on the VI, 21 it is written: "Here are the three countries, from them ours is the higher country". Probably in the sense that the country more further away, the divine country etc. Judging from the name and pre Vedic culture probably Macedonia is the heart  of the big country or the higher country, from where the proto Vedic people went on a long journey to India somewhere in the III millennium or the middle of the II millennium  (around 2.700 or 1.500 B.C.) taking with them their material culture, their language and their alphabet to write the Veda on. That, as well as the simple fact that Veda in Macedonian means: "lightning" as well as "witch" and "evil fairy" it even has a shade of a fast reaction, of skills in a certain job, of cleverness in the brain. So today only a Macedonian would say: "He is a Veda in the job (task)". 
Everything our ancestors saw and knew about the transformations in nature and natural occurrences about the sun, fire and the domestic fire, about  fertility and the great mother - godess, about astrological, mythical and philosophical understandings of nature, life, about the beliefs and traditions of everyday people, about the living and the dead, i.e. the eternal people who through the rays of the sun ascend into the never-ending cosmos, about the creation of the world  (universum) about the initial, single and general about man, and social order about wars and destruction, about luck and happiness in life etc they left it fixed in the shape of solar, cosmic (cosmographic) (picture 2
and other sorts of symbols, in  the shape of architectural and other artistic form in diagram and different geometric decorating shape, in the shape of  inscriptions on graves (picture 4), on cliffs, stones, clay objects, clay and ceramic pot seals, clay tablets, stone sciptars, bronze seals etc. On many places in Macedonia, the Balkans and the world with different age and some with an absolute chronology of at least 7.000 - 6.000 B.C..Those ancestors of ours as well have sung their knowledge on about 1014 RK Vedic hymns, 6.500 Atharve hymns etc from the so-called "Samhite Epoch", i.e. from the time of the creation of the Veda and their summing up into compilations that is 
from the time that belongs to the shruti class {sansk., "SíRU", "SíRUTI" = Macedonian ""[tu], "" [tue], serbo-croatian "" [tuti] },  i.e. "" [slunato], "" [tueno] which in English means "HEARD" because from the II millennium B.C. up to mid I millennium B.C. the Veda and the Veda mythology were heard, were handed over orally so it could be said that they were not written or witnessed writings from that period. 
 The Veda were codified around 2.700 or 1.500 B.C. and are written in the so-called "sanscrit language", i.e. "perfect" or "classical" language and with a "sanscrit alphabet", i.e. a "perfect alphabet" or "classical alphabet" and in fact with the Brachmean alphabet at around V - IV century B.C. which we could identify as a derivation of the prehistoric Macedonian phonetic alphabet on which the oldest writings in the Balkan are written and in Europe including the so-called graphisms at the cave Mass d Azil (France) which are claimed to be old 25.000 years B.C. while in fact they represent signs written with red colour on little rocks of different forms and size (P.2) and said to be which according to us testify of a phonetic alphabet and language similar to the inscriptions from Osinchani (Picture 4)  and Govrlevo close to Skopje, 
from the Skochivir canyon close to Bitola, from the Kratovo region etc. In Macedonia as well as other places on the Balkan  from the Mesolithic  period, Neolithic as well as the Eneolithic. On the so-called graphisms from the Mass d Azil  there is not any so to speak pictography or pictorial alfabet nor any signs with much -vaunted numbers from 1.000, 10.000 or 100.000 nor any ideographic presentation of snakes, stems of trees, eyes etc neither is there graphic symbolic signs of the sun god, but instead we can say argumentedly that this is a sample of the phonetic alphabet in the case of the findings made by the scientist Piete published in 1896 because we identified graphic symbols of the phonetic alphabet and we deciphered separately formed language units and written signs on the once existing ancient  Macedonian writing with a continual Macedonian language which today the linguists could identify as the so-called pre Slav language. We have deciphered a larger number of language units which go as follows: 

oror, 
or ,,
Picture2
 
 That is to say respectively: "" [il] - "god of the sun" , "" [i ee] - "and to her" or "" [ee i] - "to her and" , "" [ete] - "there" or "so" , "" [ee] - "her" or "to her" , "" [e i] - "is and" or "" [i e] - "and is" , "" [gp] or "" [pg] - "again" , "" [si] - " are" , "" [ogn] - "fire" etc. which corresponds to the oldest Macedonian lexic which is present and on these Macedonian regions as well from the end of the of the Mesolithic period and the beginning of Neolithic, i.e. 7.000 - 6.000 B.C. and behind such statement lies the relevant argumentation. 
 
 
[ Introduction -Ancient Macedonia ] [Important communication axes in Macedonia]
[ Macedonian "Neolithic revolution" ] [Archeological sites  close to village Osinchani-Skopje]
[Archeological site "Tserye" at Govrlevo village close to Skopje] [Sitovo cave close to Plovdiv-Bulgarija]