DISCOVERIES ABOUT THE LITERACY, LANGUAGE
AND  CULTURE OF THE ANCIENT  MACEDONIANS
                                               (by Vasil Ilyov)

    Archeological sites  close to village Osinchani-Skopje
 
 

The archeological site close to the village Osinchani at about 13,0 km as the crow flies from the centre of Skopje abundans in an exceptional specific material culture which testifies of a long continual period of living on these Macedonian regions.At the locality  "Dabye" there has been registered probably a grave plate (1.20 x 0.60 x 0.10) with a bare relief composition in the shape of a deerís head with emphasised eyes and nose (P.1) which from its general artistic visual treatment associates of the motives found on the sculptures at the Lepenski Vir.  Right on top of  Tsrna Loma  or Ilina Gora 
  
just above the village Osinchani megalithic structures are preserved in the shape of "Dolmeni" (picture 7)which form a temple, i.e. first type of organised space inclosed from 3 sides with cliffs and covered with a bigger massive stone. Towards the temple leads a "path" covered with bigger unshaped (unprocessed) stone blocks.n the close vicinity of the temple many inscriptions have been registered on the cliffs and rocks with the association of a symbolic presentation of the "Scorpio", "Libra", "Rams" and "Piscies" constelations and a larger stone with the dimensions 3.80 x 2.85 m (on which) is engraved a circle with the following diametre 8 cm on the surface of the circle (P. 3) which together forms in fact a planetary sign if the sun.On the south side of Tsrna Loma or Ilina Gora a the locality "Prisoy" two more temples have been registered "Dolmeni" type from which one with its space  
Picture 1
              organisation symbolises the constellation "Sagittarius" and it`s got elements of an emphasised cosmography, i.e. a space organisation of the type of concentric circles with a centre circle with a diametre of 3.5 m (picture 8).  In the vicinity of the middle temple exists an accumulated heap of ruined  black cliffs     (picture 9) hence the name of the mountain Tsrna Loma (Black Ruin). Close by to the  three temples (upper, middle and lower one) at least 27 on the grave rocks are registered as well as cliffs with  solar, astrological or cosmographic symbols together with written signs of the prehistoric Macedonian phonetic alphabet and in the ancient Macedonian language.  Itís contents is diverse, the written material is relatively disciplined and the texts are mostly written from the right hand side going to the left and from top to bottom or combined. 
 Bearing in mind that the "Dolmeni"  in western Europe were erected between III and II millennium B.C. while the first megalithic monuments in Bulgaria that is the ones on the mountain Sakar in the eastern Rodopes, the Bulgarian scientists attach them to the appearance of the Thracian (1.900 - 900 years B.C.), knowing that the Mesolithic and early Neolithic culture at the Lepenski Vir are dated at 7.000 to 5.500 B.C. we come to a possible absolute chronology for the signs from Osinchani from 7.000 to 1.000 B.C. A more thorough detailed dating of the inscriptions from Osinchani and other elements of the material culture should result from the appropriate scientific research done on them and that separately refers to the indication of the existence of preceramic suburbs. By the way still keeping in mind the fact that at the locality "Tserye" close to the neighbouring village Govrlevo inscriptions are found of cosmography on a ceramic seal from 6.000 B.C. (P. 5) and on a bronze seal 1.500 B.C. (P. 6) a certain insight is imposed, that part of the inscription and cosmography from Osinchani originates from the end of the Mesolithic and early Neolithic (7.000 - 6.000 B.C.) that includes those more monumental cliffs and certain monuments, while on the grave monuments and certain chronicles where Thracian are mentioned including some of the megalithic structures probably originate from 1900 - 900 B.C. period unless the C14  dating shows  any different results. 
 Among the older inscriptions from Osinchani is the pre Vedic on the grave monument (P. 4) made on a rock with an irregular shape and an aproximate gabarith: 2.0 x 1.20 m with separate denivelated surfaces and a clear cosmogonic, cosmonomic mythical semantics with pre Vedic presentation of the trinity on the levels of the Vedic Pantheon (Heaven, Earthly and Underground gods), where on a separately formed groundbase composition and well carved slanted surface of the stone the following prehistoric Macedonian text is engraved: 
Picture 4
which decoded from the right towards the left and appropriately transcribed with written signs in the modern Macedonian alphabet sounds "" [kret  se  si  u  l t  s l  s i u] and translated in the modern Macedonian language it would say: " 
" ("KRESKAY SE SI VO LET SAL SO ILYU"), " " (" KRESKAY SE SI VO LET SAMO SO SONTSETO") which in English means "Crackle you are in  flight only (solely) with the sun" and it has the following connotations                                    "" ("Crackle you! You are in flight only (solely) with the sun") or " " ("Crackle everything, you are in flight only (solely) with the sun!"). 
 To argue  in favour of our claim that in the Balkan and in the Danube countries existed a prehistoric population that today could be identified under the term of pre Slav population we should also take  into consideration the so called prehistoric seals that up till now have been collected by the  Hungarian academic Janos Makay. These are 311collected and published  prehistoric ceramic and clay seals from the Alps to the Ural and from Hungary to Peleponeas on which Vedic mithological symbols are registered and which suits the culture of the cult to the sun and cosmos. On some seals there is a ligature saying "Aum" or inscriptions with signs of the so called secret Macedonian alphabet while there is also some ceramic seals with prehistoric text written on the ancient Macedonian alphabet and in the ancient Macedonian language. 
 
[ Introduction -Ancient Macedonia ] [Important communication axes in Macedonia]
[ Macedonian "Neolithic revolution" ] [Macedonia language, alphabet and culture ]
[Archeological site "Tserye" at Govrlevo village close to Skopje] [Sitovo cave close to Plovdiv-Bulgarija]