The wooden book with a macedonian inscription from 5.260 B.C. from the prehistoric lakeside settlement at the Kostur Lake

        But, lets get back to the ancient macedonian substratum. Till now, the oldest wooden planks with ancient macedonian inscriptions are found in the neolithic settlement discovered on the coastal hill of the Kostur lake in the village Dupyak during the archaeological excavations in 1992 – 1994 while the first researches done on that neolithic settlement were in 1853 – 1854.

An insert from a map of Macedonia from the period 1899 - 1903 with Macedonian toponymy and with marked location of the lake site neolitic settlement Sh’pel at the Kostur lake near the village Dupjak close to the city Rupishta

The professor of prehistoric archaeology at the Solun (Salonika) University G. H. Hurmuziadis in 1996 released a publication on Dupyak from Kostur “(Tó Disphlió KastoriáV)“ that is “About a lake prehistoric settlement” ”(¢EnaV limnaíoV proïstorikóV oikismóV)” where among the diverse archaeological material, he published an inscription dated and confirmed with C14 at 5260 B.C. The authentic ancient macedonian inscription from the wooden plank has the following written form:



and the same as from in march 1997 from the right to the left deciphered by us and transcribed, it sounds as follows:


which appropriately transcribed in modern macedonian literary language sounds:




in other words reads



Variants of reconstruction of prehistoric lake site settliment ['PEL (Sh’ pel) of Kostur Lake where is vilage Dupyak close to Rupishta.

Fisherman’s cabines from the site Kushlakovo at the Doyran Lake are perfect witness for the skill of the prehistoric Macedonians in the period of 8000 - 9000 years


        This clearly tells us that the Macedonians in 5260 B.C. knew how to erect lake settlements with wooden constructions, with objects on wooden platforms lifted on poles above the wet surface or with other words dwellings on stakes on the Kostur lake.
Similar prehistoric suburbs in Macedonia were on the Ohrid lake while in western Europe such settlements are registered in the big lakes of Germany and Switzerland.
The name of the Macedonian neolithic on pole settlement S‘PEL, the name of the macedonian village Dupyak as well the name of the ancient macedonian town Rupishta (Arg) which was the birth place of many rulers of the ancient macedonian dynasty have the appropriate synonymous base which emerges from the characteristic relief of the location, that is from the presence of hollowness or holes, in other words the presence of caves on the mentioned terrain along the coast of the Kostur lake. All the three mentioned names are with a macedonian root and their base reflects the obvious state of the subterranean forms of the morphology of the area. Following so, Sh’pel, Dupyak and Rupishta have the same meaning.


Exterior look of the cottages on the Kostur Lake reconstructed in 1998,
according to the results of the archeological researches of the neolitic settlement Sh’pel near the village Dupjak close to the city Rupishta
(photo by Nechev Georgi - Goce from the village Chetirok - Aegean Macedonia)

The master Georgios Haralambidis with his son Niko who had reconstructed the
Lake site on the Kostur lake, according to prototipes from
the Prehistoric lake settlement Sh’pel