Macedonian alphabet and the peculiarities of the macedonian alphabets

        Generally speaking 35 sounds from the ancient macedonian sound system are marked with the following signs:



        The summation of these letters, as modifications shown in table no.1 makes up the general prehistoric macedonian alphabet, which in the IXth cent. A.D. served as a prototype for the creation of the middle age modified alphabets Ruenithic, glagolithic and cyrillic. The reformer Kliment Ohridski probably knowing the old macedonian alphabet and the ruenthic in the IXth cent. A.D. he only offered the Ys from the following so called new letters:

¿, Y, H, Œ, ã, ¿Y, °, Í

but not as well the specifically macedonian (slav) letters:

B, J, C, Q, \, (%T)

which the ancient macedonians used from the end of the mesolithic and the begining of the Neolithic with the exception of the consonantal cluster “ [T ” for which in the ancient macedonian alphabet existed the sign

of the ligature

and not the sign “ \ “, because the sign “ \ “, corresponds to the sound "X “ in contemporary macedonian cyrillic. Following this, the statement made by Aristophan that allegedly the dygama

suited the sound “ B “ ( “ B ” ) with the barbarians isn’t true in the case of the ancient macedonian alphabet and probably it refers to some other barbarians for instance the Etruscans and Venets. Completely wrong is the view in current science about the language that allegedly the letter “ [ “ was borrowed from the eastern alphabets (hebrew or Armenian), because it is a component part of the ancient macedonian alphabet from the time of the Neolithic, while the eastern alphabets are only a derivate of the ancient macedonian alphabet. Too, irrefutable is the fact that the macedonians knew about the letter

or Y (åHLO) since prehistory, because on the oval bronze seal from around the year 1.500 B.C. and from the location Tserye close to the village Govrlevo – Skopje an inscription is registered:

which from the right to the left is deciphered and transcribed and reads as SNL that is SIRNAL which makes the following statement made by modern macedonian scientists completely unsustained that allegedly “In the cyrillic from the start there was no written sign for “ S ”. As well unsustained is the statement made by Radmila Ugrinova Skalovska
(p. 26) that allegedly “ in the cyrillic for the markation of the consonantal clusters KS and PS the appropriate greek letters “ © “ (KSI) and “ æ “ (PSI) were used because the macedonian letter

“ PS ” is present in the ancient macedonian alphabet since the end of the mesolithic inscriptions from various localities and on the bronze seal from around the year 1.500 B.C. from Tserye close to Govrlevo we have deciphered the following inscriptions:


which from the right to left are deciphered and transcribed and read as: "K'SI IS PS'D" (“K’SI IZ PS’D”) and “ L’SI IZ PS’D “ (“L’SI IZ PS’D”) and that appropriately would say "K'SI OD POSADATA" (“K’SI OD posadata”) and “ L’SI OD POSADATA“ (“L’SI OD posadata”). As well the statement made by the above mentioned should be further explained that allegedly the was used only “… to mark the soft “ \ “ (“ \ “) in greek loans, while in the cyrillic for the markation of this sound was used “ G’ ” (“ \ “), because the macedonians were familiar with the usage of the letter “ \ “ (“ \ “) since 7.000 – 6.000 B.C. as is the case with the text from the village Osinchani:

where the following stands:

which from the right to the left deciphered, transcribed and read says "ZET UT'\ UEO^O" (“ SON – IN – LAW UT’GY UEOCHO ”), or as in the case of the epitaph of Dimo Riydil from the VII cent. B.C. where the word

in it’s original vertical composition from the bottom going up is deciphered, transcribed and read as " \OL ". (GYOL).


Tombstone of the poet and hero Dimo Rijdil from the island Lemno (VII century B.C.)

Amphora, which was found in Orhomena in Beotija, with ancientmacedonian inscription, which, from right to left, says : “DOLGUJE “ and in today`s macedonian language means : “OWING” (round 1650 - 1400 B.C. )


Totem god from Lepenski Vir with the inscription : “ILE”, meaning “SUN”
(7000 - 5500 B.C.)

Way of decoding the bronze seal from the “Cerje” region by Govorlevo near Skopje, which dates round 1500 B.C