Macedonian perfectly set alphabet – substratum for all the other alphabets

        Following this the sound system of the official perfectly structured alphabet of the ancient macedonians, according to the uptill now notions of ours there is 35 sounds marked with 35 separate signs but if we take into considerations the fact that it was the time of the predominantly closed syllables and during the period of a disciplined alphabet of the so called continuous macedonian language, that is in the time when the dark vowel was used most, which didn’t have a specially differentiated sign, at the same time had an exceptionaly utilised sound value, then, together with the dark vowel and the so called specific macedonian (slav) sounds, the sound system of the macedonians in antiquity was made up of at least 36 sounds. This piece of information is one remarkable proof more that the official perfectly structured constitutional alphabet of the ancient macedonians represents an achievement of the macedonian civilisation and not as Zvonimir Kulunjich states (History of the alphabet, Zagreb, 1957, p. 571) that allegedly old slavonic cyrillic in fact sprang out of the greek initial alphabet from the IXth cent. which is regularly called constitutional and that allegedly from the greek unitial are taken 23 letters unchanged or slightly changed “… too, the opinion put through by Zvonimir Kulunjich that …” only syrian – palestinian semites gave the genius of the invention of the letter alphabet from which came about all the later past and present alphabets is misleading and totally wrong, because of the simple fact that the oldest north semitic inscriptions date from the XVIIth cent. B.C. As well, today seem overpast, unargumented and completely abandoned the theories of David Diringer and other western scientists that allegedly “… the historical Israelite tribes are the creators of the alphabet”.


A comporative analysis of variants of the ancian Macedonian alphabet and the contemporary Macedonian alphabet

        Keeping in my mind the age of the ancient macedonian inscriptions it clearly follows that the macedonian civilisation gave the substratum of all the later derivative letter alphabets which have a gravely reduced number of sounds and signs and which are adjusted and appropriate to the sound peculiarities of the separate dialects or languages. So, for instance the so called Vincha alphabet from around 4.500 years B.C. that is the alphabet of the Vindians from the surroundings of Vincha has only 26 sound values of it’s graphemes; the phoenician letter alphabet from around 1.150 B.C. is only with 22 signs; the etruscan alphabet from around the VIIIth cent. B.C. had only 26 sound values to it’s graphemes in the etruscan element, the venetic alphabet only 24 letters; the greek letter alphabet from around the IXth cent. B.C. had only 22 letters while the classical greek alphabet has 24 letters and of course it has 8 orthographic supplements and 2 phonetic two sounds (diphthongs); the lydian alphabet from around the VIIth cent. B.C. had 22 signs, while the lychian alphabet from around the VIth cent. B.C. was only made up of 20 letters, and similar was the phrygian alphabet from around the year 750 B.C., the pamphlyan alphabet and the caryan alphabet from around the year 600 B.C.; the old hebrew alphabet from the year 1.150 – 1050 B.C. it had only 20 letters; the runic, scandinavian alphabet had 26 letters; the two sound karatepic alphabet from the VIIIth cent. B.C. had only 20 letters; the punic alphabet from around the Vth cent B.C. only had 22 leters. The ancient latin alphabet has 6 vowels, 16 consonants and 6 diphthongs in other words only 22 letters etc. Meanwhile, only the specific macedonian sound system of the prehistoric macedonian alphabets was the real prototype to offer 38 letters for the glagolithic and 44 letters for the middle age cyrillic in which the numerical value sometimes varies from the glagolithic.

A comparative analysis of the socalled Phoenix and Latin letters

A comparative analysis of the socalled Ethruric, Latin and Vincha letters

A comparative analysis of the Middle age's alphabets the socalled Glagolic and Cyrilic


          Keeping in mind the ancient macedonian inscriptions, already the monk Tsrnorizets Hrabar (courageous) from the first half of the Xth cent. A.D. with his work “O PNSMENHX¿ ” (“ABOUT THE LETTERS”) becomes more concrete and more clarified to us when he says ”Earlier the Slavs didn’t have books, but instead with lines and cuttings read, predicted and for told the future because they were pagans. His ascertainment derives a rather exceptional connotation that “ it couldn’t be written any better with greek letters“… god or life, or church or waiting, or width, or misery or from where, or youth or language or anything else similar to this”. Tsrnorizets Hrabar (Courageous) in the beginning of the Xth cent. A.D. never says that the slavs were illiterate as prof. Krume Kepeski literally understood it (Grammar of the macedonian literal language for secondary school Skopje 1972, p. 10) that allegedly in their fatherland the slavs didn’t have an alphabet but on the contrary, Tsrnorizets Hrabar (Courageous) testifies just as we already today are in the condition to decipher all that the ancient macedonians could “… with lines and cuttings read and predict (the future) …”, because they had composed not only the oldest preslav alphabet, but as well the oldest perfectly ordered letter alphabet for general and secret (hidden) usage in a wider context.