Fundamental notions of the macedonian civilization:

        The Macedonian people and Macedonian science that is Macedonian civilisation, apart from the oldest phonetic alphabet and many other achievements have given the world two fundamental notions: cosmos and history. Namely these notions the helenes as loanwords took from the Macedonians and used them and use them saying that they are from their own lingual production, but without offering an adequate etymology. What in fact do the nouns cosmos and history mean? In the ancient Macedonian language the base of the noun cosmos is formed from the adjective KOS (winding slanted) and the noun MOS (bridge) and it means "kosmos" that is a winding bridge and that's what the ancient macedonian astronomers called the flock of stars from the milky way, in this way the folck which seen from the earth has a winding line in the shape of a slanted bidge (kosmos) or with this noun they expressed the fourth dimension of our galaxy or cosmic space, just as modern astronomers named the globular flocks of the spiral galaxy NGC 4594 as the galaxy sombrero M1O4 because with their form those globular flocks resembled the spanish or latin american Sombrero. As far as the fundamental word

Nucleus of the Galaxy Milky Way looked from profile.
Picture by Adolf Schaller

Irodot or Herodot (484 - 424 b.c.) from Halikarnas, named “Father of history” by Ciceron (106 - 43 b.c.)

"history" is concerned, it's root is found in the ancient Macedonian noun "TR" which is the oldest form of the name of the god of thunder. With the appearance-- of the first innovations in prehistory or with the start of the functioning of the basic sound law that is the law of the opening of the syllables the following forms were derived: "TOR", "TOOR", "TUR", "TUUR", "TAR", "TARA" etc. from the noun "TOR" the imperfect verb was formed "TORI" and from it with the help of the prefixes "S" and "IS" the perfect verb form "STORI" or "ISTORI" was formed so according to the fact that all our ancestors "HISTORY" in the Vth cent B.C. the ionoan Herodot or Irodot (484-424 B.C.) published his writings under the headline with the noun "HISTORY" and in that way he is considered that he put down the foundations to the science called History, even though much older histories than his exist. If the Helenes (Greeks) would like to publish and say with their own noun the past happenings of theirs and others ancestors then they would have to produce a noun of their own from their appropriate verb "KANO"(ka¢nw)>"EKANA" (²ekanan) and name the works of their ancestors with the noun "EKANAN"

(²ekanan) because the equivalent to the ancient macedonian syntagm "TIE ISTORIA" (they did) is the hellenic syntagm "AVTI EKANAN"(au¢th¢ ekanan).Following this, that which the MACEDONIANS call "ISTORIA" the Helenes should call "EKANAN" (²ekanan).

        With the newest deciphering on many inscriptions, writings or texts from the end of the Mesolithic and the start of the Neolithic right upto the second period of the Ironage (Iron II) that is from 7.000 - 6.000 B.C. till the VIIth - VIth cent B.C. it is possible to fill in many empty spaces in the ancient history of the macedonian people and their social formation from the time of the matriarch and early patriarch and the obtained linguistic information from the field of the syntactic, semantic and utilised value of the language treated as a system of connected signs with an already before hand, differentiated and developed system of graphemes and phonemes enabling us to overcome some misleading, understatements or wrong views in science in relation to the problems of the so called written signs of the Neolithic cultures that is in the era of the functioning of the sound (phonetic) alphabet which enables us deciphering and acquitenance with the haltered and fixated articulated speech of our ancestors.

Inscriptions from the ancient settlement “Barutnica”
near Anzabegovo (7000 - 6000 years b.c.)


Half - spherical plates, ancient settltment “Barutnica, Anzabegovo, early neolithic (7000 - 6000 years b.c.)

        Today already we are in the position to differentiate and present a relatively rich pre - historic linguistic material from which it is possible to separate the phonology, the linguistic units, their constituent relations, their syntactic relations, the means of those relations, the grammatical semantics of separate linguistic units etc that is concrete peculiarities of the oldest developing phase of the macedonian language fixated and preserved in authentic form on various pre - historic inscriptions which serve as a document, as a living witness and in the most direct way perform an identification on the autochthony of the pre - historic population of Macedonia and on a wider scale the Balkan - Anadolian cultural complex.