Articulative and acoustic characteristics of the ancient macedonian language

        According to the articulate and acoustic characteristics (the same applying as well for the modern macedonian language), all the sounds could be divided into: vowels and consonants. The ancient macedonians differentiated and used the following vowels: frontal E and I and back vowels A, O, Q, , U u form which A is a low vowel, E, O, Q and are middle vowels, but I and U are high vowels. The ancient macedonians recognised and used short O, semilong Q and long and this prehistoric orthographic rule proceeds it’s use up to the middle age inscriptions and handwritings and could be met even in the orthographic rules of Constantine Kostenechki who differentiated O with one dot in the middle when writing the word “OKO” (“EYE”) and a wide O with two dots inside when writing the word “OCHI” (“EYES”). The appearance of the sound

(R) R is interesting, which performed two functions: of a consonant and a vowel. Namely from the so far deciphered material, in the role of a vowel it appears in the following cases:
        Between two consonants:

 

(“P’RSA”) P’RSA,

 

(“VR”) VR etc.;

        When it is found at the beginning of a word before the consonant:

 

(“ ’RBETE”) ‘RBETE

(“ ‘RXE”) ‘RJE etc.,

 

but in these cases, before the vowel R the apostrophe or any other sign of markation has not been registered.
There hasn’t been registered a case of a vowel R behind a preposition and before a vowel, so according to this it is not a familiar example of writing an apostrophe or sign above as in the mentioned case.
        Apart from the mentioned samples we should mention a specific curiosity case of the declinated old macedonian personal pronouns which as part of the fixated speech of our ancestors we noticed on the upper part of the oval lateral sides of the bronze seal from around the year 1.500 B.C. from the location Tserye close to Govrlevo, where we deciphered the following forms of the personal and non personal pronouns nominative form I person plural

MI (mi, nas, nam, nas, nami, nas) (we, us, to us, us) and the plural dative form:

 

IM (i(`e), ih, im. ih, imi, nih) (and, they, them, they, to them) in the expression:

MI IM which from right to left is deciphered, transcribed and read as “MI IM” (“MI IM”) which would say “NIE NIM” (“WE THEM”) or with a simple preposition construction “NIE NA NIV” (“WE ON TO THEM”).

Following so if we bear in mind the above shown samples the whole inscription of the bronze seal from Govrlevo should sound as:
or

which read from right to left would say:

YIRNAL / NIE NIM / K’SI OD POSADATA”
“ZIRNAL / NIE NIM / K’SI OD POSADATA”
“SAW WE THEM SHORTY FROM THE GARRISON”

or


“YIRNAL / NIE NIM / L’SI OD POSADATA”

“ZIRNAL / NIE NIM / L’SI OD POSADATA”
“SAW WE THEM BOLDY FROM THE GARRISON”.


        In the shown seal inscriptions the words “K’SI” (“K’SI”) “SHORTY” and “L’SI” (“L’SI”) “BOLDY” in fact remind us of the oldest macedonian personal names turned into nicknames from adjectives of the types that still could be met in Macedonia, Petre kusiot (Peter the shortone), Borka levata (Borka the leftone), Riste zelenata (Riste the greenone), Kiro sinata (Kiril the blueone) etc. One of the most prominent generals of Alexander III Macedonian (356 – 323 B.C.) was called LISI (LISI), LISIJ (LISIY) or LISIMAH (LISIMAH) (361 - 281), while the greatest maestro of ancient sculptures and greatest portrait maker of Alexander III Macedonian was the sculpturer LISIP (LISIP) (IVth cent. B.C.). The ancient macedonian language which by Webster’s encyclopaedia in 1967 was treated as a pre language of all the slavs had the following simplified consonantal system:
        Labial,

        Labio – dental,

 

        Alveo – dental,

 

        Alveo – dento – Alveolar,

 

        Alveolar

        Soft Palatal,

 

 

        Hard Palatal.

 

Besides the shown division of the consonants according to the place of formation they can also have the following divisions:
        1. According to the manner of formation we defferentiate:
        Plosive,

        Fricatives,

        Africatives.

        2. According to sonority we differentiate:
Sonorous

        non - sonorous

Some with their characteristics are closer to vowels and because of their greater sonorousnes they are infact consonants:

 

Inscription of the Upper Holy temple: “I U V’R L’G” with a meaning
" I NA VRVOT LUG ( ledinka)"
from Osincani, near Skopje (7000 - 6000 V.S.)

A gravestone monument of Prsa Neno Silni Mlado Nagoricani (5000-4500 B.C.)

A gravestone monument of the brother-in-law UT'G UEOCO with mentioning of the names end surnames of the brothers-in-law STOLE NAD'MSEJ from Osincani, near Skopje (7000-6000 B.C.)